Language Arts


Each grade level follows the Diocesan and State Curriculum Guidelines and incorporates the following instruction: reading comprehension, phonics, literature circles, Reader’s Theatre, speaking, writing, listening skill development, vocabulary, spelling and writing Assessment.
The students receive ample experiences and opportunities to develop a life-long love of reading. In the early years, the emphasis is on progressing from an emergent reader to an independent reader.
Students are challenged to continually work on grammar to improve their writing skills. At each grade level, there is an emphasis on the student’s ability to write and express themselves in various forms. The literature curriculum concentrates on teaching various genres. Using the genres of nonfiction, fiction, biography/memoir, mystery, science fiction/fantasy, poetry and historical fiction the students are introduced to many different types of stories that are used in various content areas and at various grade levels.


Primary Grades (K-2)

Phonics and Word Recognition

• Letter to sound correspondence
• Long and short vowels
• Beginning spelling based on sounds
• Rhyming words
• Counting Syllables
• cvc and cvc-e words
• nouns
• verbs

First/Second Grade
• Consonant digraphs, long e, and, vowel teams
• one- and two-syllable words
• inflectional endings, ed, ing, s
• Irregular spelling words - does not follow rule
• Nouns
• Pronouns
• Verbs
• Adjectives
• Contractions


• Read emergent-reader text with purpose and understanding

First/Second Grade
• Reads with expression and understanding
• Reads orally with accuracy
• Uses text for self-correction and context clues

Reading Fictions & Non-Fiction: (with prompting and support in Kindergarten and without as they progress through the first and second grade.)
• Main ideas and details
• Connect individuals, events, and information in a text
• Parts of a book, i.e. title, author
• Ask questions about unknown words in a text
• Connect the text and illustrations
• Supporting points an author provides in a text
• Compare two texts on the same topic
• Multiple meaning words and phrases
• Use various text features and search tools to locate key facts or information in a text.
• Use contect clues to find the meaning of an unknown word
• Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas
• Supporting points an author makes in a text
• Compare and contrast
• Use age appropriate words that signal connections and relationships between the words and phrases
• Reading non fictional texts
• Accurately retell stories using key details
• Identify who, what, when, where, why in a story
• Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story
• Who is telling the story
• Author's purpose - persuade, inform, entertain
• Describe how character feels based on story
• Read and comprehend literature on grade level, reading independently and proficiently


• Use pictures, dictating and words to write about a topic
• Generate ideas and details about a topic
• Connect drawing and writing
• Use a capital letter in the first word of a sentence and for the pronoun I
• Ending punctuation
• Spell words phonetically
• Generate ideas and details about an opinion
• Describe experiences and events
• Sequence events
• Research a topic of shared interest
• Write routinely over short time frames-journal

First/Second Grade
• Writing focuses on given topic
• Uses a main idea stentence
• Writing topic contains more than one fact
• Form a conclusive sentence
• chose and use creative words
• Creates a sentence using capitalization, punctuation, and spelling
• Supports opinion using details
• uses variety of words and phrases
• Writes about who and what narrative is about
• Express experiences and events
• Uses sequencing words such as first, next, last in writing
• Uses details in writing

Speaking & Listening
• Ask and answer questions in groups of peers & adults about a read aloud book
•  Ask and answer questions in order to seek help or clarify
• Share stories and familiar experiences clearly
• Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly


Intermediate Grades (3-5)

Phonics and Word Recongnition

• Read and Comprehend texts independently, proficiently, and fluently
• Cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking
• Comprehension strategies and skills - inferences, drawing conclusions, main ideas, supporting details ,summarizing, sequencing, cause/effect, compare/contrast, facts and opinions, predicting, characterization, settings, theme, plot
• Analyze and understanding various types of text
• Point of view or purpose
• Personal connections to the text
• Word Choice - tone
• Collaborative discussions

• Noun, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, coordinating and subordinating conjunctions and their functions
• Simple, compound and complex sentences
• Topic sentence and paragraph writing
• Convention - capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing
• Word Choice

• Multiple-meaning words
• Context clues
• Analyze meaningful word parts - base words, suffixes, prefixes
• Resources - dictionary, thesaurus, print, and digital
• Figurative language and word relationships
• Literal and non-literal meaning of words
• Real life connections between words

• Phonics
• Word study
• Spell and write words

Types of Writing
• narrative
• descriptive
• informative
• opinion
• reports
• research reports
• book reports
• story summaries
• essays
• friendly letter
• paragraphs
• journal entries
• public service announcements
• response to fiction

Writing Traits
• elaboration
• purpose
• dialogue
• conventions
• organization
• evidence
• composition
• focus
• sequence
• flow
• audience

Reading Skills
• fluency
• point of view
• summary
• author's purpose
• cause and effect
• vocabulary
• theme
• main idea
• details
• inference
• understanding characters
• fact and opinion
• generalize
• text and graphic features
• author's word choice analysis
• compare and contrast
• infer
• predict
• story structure
• reading strategies


Sentence Writing
• sentence structure
• types of sentences
• punctuations
• quotations
• fragments and run-ons
• compound and complex
• prepositional phrases

Verb Tense
• noun-verb agreements
• progressive verb tense
• irregular verbs
• proper mechanics

• proper nouns
• relative pronouns and adverbs
• pronouns
• possessive nouns
• modal auxiliaries
• participles
• singular
• plural

Adjectives and Adverbs
• adjectives
• adverbs
• comparisons

Middle School Grades (6-8)

Writing Concepts - 5th-8th

• Elements of Writing - Focus/Content/Organization/Style
• Narrative (Personal)
• Descriptive
• Expository
• Comparative
• Persuasive
• Response Writing
• Letters (Business/Friendly)
• Research Writing (7-8)

Oral Presentation/Speech

Parts of Speech/Sentence Structure
• Types of Sentences - Simple/Compound/Run-ons/Fragments
• Complex Sentences/Clauses/ Diagramming (7th/8th)
• Subject/Predicates-Simple/Compound
• Punctuation/Capitalization

• Common/Proper/Singular/Plural/ Possessive
• Collective Nouns (6th-8th)
• Compound/Appositives (7th-8th)

• Action/Linking/Helping/Tenses/ Irregulars
• Perfect and Progressive Tenses (6th-8th)
• Direct/Indirect Objects
• Transitive and Intransitive (6th-8th)
• Active and Passive Voice (7th-8th)

• Personal (Subject-Object)/Possessive/Antecedents
• Indefinite/Reflexive/Intensive/ Interrogative/Demonstrative (6th-8th)

• Proper/Comparative/ Superlative/Articles/ Demonstrative

• Comparative/Superlative/ Intensive Modifiers/Double Negatives

Prepositions/Conjunctions/ Interjections
• Verbals (7th-8th)
• Participles/Phrases/Gerunds/ Infinitives

Reading Skills
• Oral expressive reading
• Comprehension
• Vocabulary-Greek/Latin Roots
• Cause/Effect - Compare/Contrast
• Sequencing
• Prediction
• Text to Self/World/Text Comparing
• Characterization
• Plot Diagramming
• Summarization
• Inferences
• Point of View
• Figurative Language/Literary Elements
• Types of Genres
• Theme
• Main Idea/Supporting Detail

• Compounds
• Plurals
• Possessives
• Blends/Digraphs
• Prefixes/Suffixes
• Homophones/Homographs/ Homonyms
• Multisyllabic Words
• Cultural Words
• Irregulars-Easily Confused Words
• Content Words

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